Generally, DNA Tests are used for two purposes: Establishing Paternity and determining cases of Paternity Fraud.
1. ESTABLISHING PATERNITY TESTING BENEFITS
Legal Paternity is established when the father acknowledges a child by signing their birth certificate. This does not necessarily mean that he is the biological father and in turn, the biological father may not be the legal father. In the event that no alleged father signs the birth certificate, the child does not have a legal father and paternity will not be established. In this case, the parents can establish the paternity of a child with the help of a simple DNA test.
What if Paternity is not established?
If the biological father is not the legal father, then the child has no right to
- Receive financial support from the father
- Obtain insurance, veterans’, social security, and other benefits through the father
While the father has no right to
- Have custody or visitation time with the child
- Participate in major decisions about the child such as medical treatment, education or religious training.
Additionally, the establishment of paternity clarifies the doubts related to genetic diseases. Moreover, knowing a child’s biological history can be quite useful in proactive care and transplantations.
2. PATERNITY FRAUD
Paternity fraud is the false identification of a man as the father of a child. This is a serious problem, not only in New York but throughout the United States. According to a report published by American Association of Blood Banks,
Approximately 30% of the paternity tests performed annually in the United States of America result in the exclusion of the alleged individual as the father of that child.
There are around 7 million children in the United States whose actual father is different from the one whom they call Dad.
In both the cases, the parents can establish the paternity of a child with the help of a simple DNA Test.